A person suffering from periodontal disease can experience a range of symptoms, including:
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen, red, inflamed gum tissue
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Lost teeth
- Bad taste in mouth
- Tooth sensitivity
It is extremely important that these conditions are resolved quickly. Early intervention involves less invasive procedures. If the periodontal disease has advanced, more extensive treatment will be required to restore the mouth, teeth, and gums to a healthy condition.
The Links Between Periodontal Disease and Serious Health Conditions
Research reveals that periodontal disease affects more than just the teeth and gums; several studies show that ongoing cases of periodontal disease are linked to heart disease, or can make existing heart conditions worse. Other studies reveal that stroke victims have oral infections at higher numbers. The connection between gum diseases and diabetes, poor outcomes for pregnancy, and some cancers have come to light in research studies. It is imperative that periodontal diseases are treated as early as possible to protect your general health, as well as restore a healthier condition to your mouth, teeth and gums.
Types of Periodontal Disease
Cases of periodontal disease vary in severity and symptoms, each requiring specific periodontic procedures to treat:
- Chronic periodontitis: as plaque builds up on the teeth and below the gum, the gums become unhealthy, swollen, red, puffy, or bleed. Depending upon the severity of the condition, the gums can begin to recede, revealing the tooth roots and leading to pain, bad breath, and an unpleasant appearance to the teeth and gums.
- Aggressive periodontitis: This is a very serious condition that advances quickly, with the gum tissue rapidly receding, and teeth becoming detached from the gum tissue. This form of periodontal disease must be treated very quickly or severe damage can occur. It is linked to a problem in the immune system, and a full evaluation of the person’s overall health should occur if this form of gum disease is present.
- Necrotic periodontal disease: Far less common, necrotic periodontal disease includes the death of gum, ligament, and bone due to a limited supply of blood reaching the area. This level of periodontal disease is most frequently found in people with a suppressed immune system due to disease or cancer treatments.