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Gum disease is a widespread problem, affecting nearly half of adults ages 30 and older in the U.S. Treatment can involve a range of surgical and non-surgical procedures, depending on the nature and severity of the problem.

Dr. Eric Cho provides periodontic services and implant dentistry in the Pasadena dental practice of Niloufar Molayem, D.D.S. Dr. Molayem and Dr. Cho take a holistic, conservative approach in their practice, using the least aggressive methods possible with the goal ensuring the well-being of the entire patient. Our dental team is committed to providing the highest quality care in a safe and friendly environment, offering a wide range of periodontic procedures.

Periodontal Treatments Pasadena

Bruxism (Tooth Grinding)

The alignment of the teeth may need to be corrected to treat bruxism. In severe cases, this may involve onlays or crowns to reshape the biting surfaces. A mouth guard can help prevent further damage to the teeth and may help the teeth and muscles realign.

Jawbone Corrective Treatment

The jawbone may need corrective treatment as a result of periodontal disease, birth defects, or trauma. Common jawbone treatments include:

  • Sinus augmentation: Before dental implants are placed, sinus augmentation may be needed to ensure that implants are firmly fixed to the bone and functional. In this procedure, the sinus floor is slightly elevated to allow new bone to form.
  • Ridge modification: Placing dental implants can be a challenge when birth defects, gum disease, or trauma have left an indentation in the jawbone. In a ridge modification procedure, the gum is pulled away from the bone to expose the defect, which is filled with bone graft material and sutured closed.

Regenerative Procedures

When periodontal disease has destroyed the bone supporting the teeth, regenerative procedures may be recommended to help reverse the damage. The periodontist folds back the gum, removes bacteria, and uses bone grafts, membranes, or proteins to stimulate regeneration of bone and tissue.

Pocket irrigation

The goal of pocket irrigation is to clean plaque from between the teeth and under the gumline. It is typically performed in combination with other treatments, such as dental cleaning or pocket reduction surgery.

Pocket Reduction Surgery

Pocket reduction surgery is term for a group of several different procedures performed for the purpose of removing bacteria and tartar from the roots of the teeth. These procedures can help reduce the spread of bacteria, stop bone loss, facilitate cleaning, and enhance the appearance of the smile.

Soft Tissue Grafting

Soft tissue grafting is performed to treat gums that have receded due to periodontal disease, trauma, aging, or other causes. Soft tissue grafts are used to cover exposed tooth roots or to thicken gum tissue to help prevent further loss.

Oral Treatment

Periodontal disease is treated orally in antimicrobial therapy – the use of chemicals to kill or inhibit the growth of disease-causing bacteria. The two most common forms of antimicrobial therapy are antiseptics and antibiotics. Antiseptic rinses can help control the growth of bacteria in the mouth. Antibiotics, such as penicillin and tetracycline, are prescribed to treat difficult cases of gum disease.

Periodontal disease can have a significant impact on overall health and appearance. If you are one of the millions of Americans who suffer with gum disease, schedule a consultation with Dr. Eric Cho at the practice of Niloufar Molayem, D.D.S. in Pasadena to get started with the treatment you need.

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Practice Policy Update Regarding COVID-19 View Update Virtual Consultation

Practice Policy Update Regarding COVID-19

Due to the increased health concerns regarding COVID-19, we are now scheduling Virtual Consultations.

The virtual consultation can help answer questions, provide guidance and help ease your mind. This is an area recently approved by the American Dental Association. During this process you become a patient of our dental practice by filling out new patient forms. This process is to familiarize the doctor with your Medical and Dental history which will be reviewed before your virtual appointment. The insurance portion will be used for billing purposes.

Depending on your needs you can schedule for one of the two types of consultation


1. Limited Visual Consultation: Limited to one tooth or one area of concern. (10minutes)

2. General Visual Consultation: Answers to your questions to more than one area of concern. (20 minutes)

What we need from you prior to your Consultation time:

1. X-rays that you have from previous dentists up to five years old.

2. Pictures of the area taken by your smart phone from different angles. Take as many from different views as possible. Including pictures of your smile and bite. We have found using your flash on your phone and focusing will help.

Virtual Consultation